A Remarkable black walnut

Tree Information
Common Name: black walnut
Scientific name: Juglans nigra
Category: Historic tree
Notes: The black walnut at Fort Boykin is believed to be over 200 years old. The fort itself dates to 1623 when it was called Castle and was constructed to protect the Jamestown colonists from Native Americans and Spaniards. It sits on a bluff overlooking the James River, a keen observation point. It was renamed Fort Boykin during the Revolutionary War after Maj. Francis Boykin, who served on the staff of Gen. George Washington. During the War of 1812, Fort Boykin was rebuilt into the shape of an irregular seven-pointed star. The only British assault was repulsed. The Confederate Army rebuilt the fort as part of their defensive system. In 1862 three Union gunboats, one of which was the ironclad USS Galena, moved within firing range of Fort Boykin, and overwhelmed the Confederates, causing them to abandon the fort. The musician and poet Sidney Lanier was stationed at Fort Boykin while serving in the Confederate Signal Corps. While at Fort Boykin, he wrote Beautiful Ladies and began his novel Tiger Lilies. Today, Fort Boykin remains essentially intact and constitutes a well-preserved example of military architecture of the Civil War era.
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Nominator: J.L. Williams
Location of Tree
County/City: Isle of Wight
Name of tree owner: Isle of Wight County
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